The Fair Labor Standards Act requires employers to pay covered and nonexempt employees overtime pay for any hours worked over 40 per workweek. The rate of pay must be at least one and one-half times the rate of regular hourly pay. There is no limit to the amount of overtime hours employees might work in a single workweek; however, the employee must be at least 16 years old. Holidays and weekends are not mandated to be paid overtime.
Child labor laws were developed as part of the Fair Labor Standards Act to protect the health, safety, and education of youth. Youth between the ages of 14 and 15 years old may work outside of school hours in certain industries. Industries excluded from eligibility are manufacturing, mining, and other hazardous industries or positions. Working youth must be at least 16 years old in order to be eligible to work in most non-farm-related jobs and at least 18 years old in order to do jobs that are declared hazardous, according to the Secretary of Labor.
Up until one year after a mother has given birth to a child, an employer must provide breastfeeding breaks to the mother. Employers must also provide a safe and private environment, other than a bathroom, for the breastfeeding mother to use.